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Americans can’t travel to Europe because of Covid-19. I’m glad | Tamara Winter | Opinion

Last week, the European Union released a highly anticipated list: countries whose Covid-19 levels are low enough for their travelers to enter Europe now that borders have reopened to non-essential travel. The US is not on it.

Given the rising numbers of cases being reported around America, this is hardly surprising news. Still, it deals a blow to Americans who were holding on to the hope of somehow squeezing in a trip to Europe this summer. I include myself; had everything gone to plan, I would have been sunning on the beaches of Paros, Greece, with family and friends right now.

But you know what? I’m actually happy that Americans have been banned from the EU. It’s a good thing for us Americans, not just for the obvious public health reasons that will keep other regions safe from a resurgence of a virus they have worked diligently to contain. Being stuck on the sidelines while the rest of the world gets to experience the joy of European travel also provides us with a rare opportunity to think critically about the meaning of global citizenship. We shouldn’t waste it.

Americans are accustomed to thinking of our blue passports as keys to almost any country. Sure, we encounter visa requirements and fees here and there, but in general the barrier to access has largely boiled down to two questions: do I have the vacation time? And can I afford it? During the pre-pandemic era, the answer was a resounding yes. Thanks to rising numbers of paid days off and the lowest flight prices in commercial aviation history, more Americans were traveling than ever. In 2018, more than 83 million Americans traveled abroad, and the plurality – more than 16 million – went to Europe. May through September have historically been the most popular months for Americans to visit the continent, where our spending accounts for significant portions of many countries’ GDPs. In other words, the decision to ban Americans from the EU during prime travel season was not without its downsides, even for Europeans. But the costs of welcoming us ultimately outweighed the benefits.

This is a humiliating and humbling moment. The US has long had a reputation for leadership in coordinating responses to worldwide emergencies, including the 2008 economic meltdown and the 2014 Ebola crisis. In contrast, the current pandemic saw the US not only fail to lead on a global scale but fail to act on a domestic level. Other countries have led the way in terms of containment measures, while the US has been mired in politicized fights over the very existence or seriousness of the virus. The failures of American political leaders – and many of our citizens – to take the virus seriously have made the US the worst kind of world leader: we now have the highest number of confirmed cases and confirmed deaths from Covid-19.

This has not gone unnoticed by our neighbors, friends and foes around the world. Now ordinary Americans are being held collectively responsible for decisions and actions we may have had nothing to do with. So many of us did everything “right” in terms of following quarantine orders and wearing masks and keeping our distance while in public. And yet here we all are – on the outside, looking in. We now find ourselves in the uncomfortable position more familiar to the Syrian, Nigerian and Iranian citizens who are routinely, unilaterally denied entry to the US and other countries, no matter their individual actions, belief systems or political persuasions.

This is not to say that those bans are justified, especially considering their roots in anti-Muslim rhetoric, but rather to ask Americans to set aside feelings of self-pity in favor of empathy for those who have never been able to take being welcome on other shores for granted. In fact, an awareness of and compassion for the kinds of challenges other people and communities face is a cornerstone of global citizenship. It is what drives us to be forces of change.

One change might come in the form of working at all levels to make visitors to the US – from tourists to refugees – feel more welcome and accepted. Another change should involve never again taking our own sense of welcome and acceptance for granted, in Europe or anywhere else. After all, this sense of entitlement has often led to bad behaviors like insulting Spanish ticket sellers for not speaking English, carving names into Rome’s Colosseum, and bathing in the Trevi fountain. Such actions not only cast a negative light on Americans but result in penalties that affect all tourists, such as barricades around major attractions. They also exacerbate the ills of mass tourism, which is already harming housing markets (thanks to Airbnb) and putting a wedge between visitors and residents that threatens to cut off the kinds of cross-cultural exchanges that are such important elements of global citizenship. How can we build connections to other people when they – often rightly – believe we don’t respect their homes?

If and when EU borders reopen to US nationals, it will be tempting to make up for lost time and book flights landing on the first day we are welcome back. But it’s time to think more critically about global travel. We must acknowledge its costs in terms of both climate change and “overtourism”, which encompasses the diverse environmental, social and cultural impacts of tourism to already heavily trafficked areas. If we want to bequeath any elements of our current world to future generations, we must reduce our carbon footprints and overall impact on the locales we visit. This may mean forgoing trips to bucket-list destinations in favor of lesser-trod locales or simply exploring closer to home.

The idea of never going back to Europe or to other popular overseas destinations is a tough pill to swallow, particularly when we’re all nursing fantasies of a post-Covid-19 future. Unfortunately, that future might demand the same thing of us as the present: setting aside our own personal desires, appealing to our highest collective angels, and sacrificing for the sake of the greater good. Are we up to it?

  • Tamara J Walker is a professor, writer, and co-founder of The Wandering Scholar. She is currently at work on The Global Green Book, about African Americans and international travel, for Crown (Penguin Random House)

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Patrick Mahomes agrees 10-year deal with Chiefs worth reported $450m | Sport

Patrick Mahomes has committed his long-term future to the Kansas City Chiefs, agreeing a 10-year contract with the team he led to the Super Bowl title earlier this year.

Mahomes is already under contract with the Chiefs for the next two years, so the 10-year extension would tie him up with the team until he is 36. The details of the contract have not been released but ESPN reports it is worth $450m, with an injury guarantee of $140m.

The 24-year old was the youngest ever player to be named Super Bowl MVP when he led the Chiefs to their first NFL championship in 50 years with a comeback victory over the San Francisco 49ers in February.

“Since he joined the Chiefs just a few years ago, Patrick has developed into one of the most prolific athletes in all of sports,” Chiefs chairman Clark Hunt said in a statement.

“With his dynamic play and infectious personality, he is one of the most recognized and beloved figures to put on the Chiefs uniform. He’s an extraordinary leader and a credit to the Kansas City community, and I’m delighted that he will be a member of the Chiefs for many years to come.”


Patrick Mahomes II
(@PatrickMahomes)

Here to stay. . .! ⏰⏰ pic.twitter.com/mfwMga3Kl0


July 6, 2020

Mahomes tweeted a video with the caption “Here to stay”.

Kansas City drafted Mahomes 10th overall in the 2017 draft. Since becoming the team’s regular starter in 2018, he has helped redefine the quarterback position with his mobility, coolness under pressure and unorthodox throws. Since entering the league he has thrown for 9,412 yards with 76 touchdowns and 18 interceptions in the regular season.

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Melania Trump’s former aide to release ‘explosive’ memoir – report | Melania Trump

A former senior aide to Melania Trump who helped oversee Donald Trump’s inauguration has written an “explosive” memoir detailing her 15-year friendship with the first lady, according to reports.

Stephanie Winston Wolkoff was appointed as an unpaid adviser to the first lady shortly after Donald Trump won the 2016 election, and she played a high-profile role in helping Melania Trump transition into the White House from New York while advising her on her political portfolio.

But in February 2018, Winston Wolkoff was forced out after reports that her firm had received $26m in payments to help plan Trump’s lavish inauguration ceremony in 2017 and related events. At the time, Winston Wolkoff said the firm had “retained a total of $1.62m” that was divided among staff. She has since challenged the notion that she was dismissed and claimed that she was “thrown under the bus”.

Stephanie Winston Wolkoff at Trump Tower in New York, New York, on 5 December 2016. Photograph: Kena Betancur/AFP/Getty Images

Winston Wolkoff later cooperated with federal prosecutors in Manhattan who opened an investigation into whether Trump’s 2017 inaugural committee misspent some of the record $107m it raised from donations.

The book will be titled Melania and Me, and published by Gallery Books, an imprint of Simon & Schuster, on 1 September, Vanity Fair reported.

The memoir will detail Winston Wolkoff’s time “navigating the White House and East Wing”, where first ladies have offices (the president works in the West Wing). It will also include her “journey from their friendship that started in New York to [Winston Wolkoff’s] role as the First Lady’s trusted advisor to her abrupt and very public departure, to life after Washington”, according to a description obtained by the magazine.

Winston Wolkoff was long considered one of Melania’s closest friends. A socialite, she previously worked for Vogue and was best known for her role in producing the Met Gala, the star-studded annual fundraising gala for the benefit of the Metropolitan Museum of Art’s Costume Institute in New York.

When the two parted ways in 2017, she told the New York Times: “I expect to remain a trusted source for advice and support on an informal basis.”

According to the Daily Beast, a Google Books description of the book available online said it would provide “a revealing and explosive portrayal of Stephanie Winston Wolkoff’s 15-year friendship with Melania Trump and observations of the most chaotic White House in history”.

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Trans rights have been pitted against feminism but we’re not enemies | Kim Humphery | Opinion

As a trans woman working in academia, one of the questions I regularly get asked is how I get along with feminist colleagues. When I invariably answer “incredibly well”, I’m often met with a quizzical look.

I can understand why. As trans and gender diversity has become a regular topic of public debate and a favoured target of rightwing attacks, feminist critics have joined the fray.

That has put trans and feminist activists on a seemingly unrelenting path of mutual antagonism. Trans rights have been pitted against sex-based rights for “real” women, with conflict forever spiralling into charge and countercharge of hate speech and silencing, and into bitter social media wars.

Frustratingly, this conflict has become the dominant media story of trans and feminism, especially in a viciously divided UK. And, like post-lockdown carbon emissions, antagonism has now sadly rebounded – this time, via the tweets and blogs of JK Rowling and the ripples of commentary that have followed.

One of the most distressing aspects of this relentless feminism versus trans narrative is that it tells a completely lopsided story. In fact, it sidelines a very different reality of alliance rather than division.

Trans and feminism have certainly had a wobbly relationship over the years, but trans writers have energetically drawn on and contributed to feminist theory, while trans politics has been positively embraced by many feminists. The story here is not one of political conflict, it’s of mutual recognition.

It’s the same reality at the institutional level. Right now, trans and feminist advocates are happily working alongside each other in educational and cultural institutions, health settings, political parties, activist groups, media organisations and elsewhere.

It is little wonder that my own daughters, both young feminists themselves, unreservedly see trans as ally, not enemy. The reasons for this are not hard to fathom. After all, a fundamental tenet of feminism is to end forms of oppression; and the same rule must apply for a trans and gender-diverse minority.

What’s more, much contemporary feminism rejects the pathologising dogmatism of “gender critical” and “sex-based rights” advocacy that paints trans and gender diversity as effectively delusional.

As both feminist and transfeminist writers have long pointed out, we are not immutably tethered to an innate experience of womanhood or manhood simply by being designated an F or an M at birth.

This is not fantasy; it’s based on decades of well-evidenced research. Bodies and their sex characteristics have material reality, a reality that trans people know all too well. But how we make collective sense of biology rests on social and political assumptions that are open to change. Likewise, gender socialisation on the basis of one’s assigned sex does not automatically determine our gender sensibility.

None of this disputes theories of women’s oppression or seeks to diminish the gendered violence that women of all backgrounds experience. Nor does it suggest that sex and gender are matters of mere whim. It insists that trans and gender-diverse individuals have bodily knowledge and lived experience that either crosses or doesn’t fit a man/woman binary.

Trans is no fleeting and shallow “identity choice” and no onslaught against women’s rights. It asks us to rethink conventions of sex and gender and to deal generously, not defensively, with change.

This is a process, not a flick of a switch.

The growing recognition of trans as a social reality ushers in both easily solvable and sometimes difficult shifts in the way we institutionally manage sex and gender. Given the history of gender politics, feminism has a stake in this change and feminist voices need to be heard.

But a trans and feminist dialogue can only work through respectful alliance, not divisiveness. It can only be effective through abandoning the dead-end of territory-claiming wars over biology and rights.

This much has long been recognised within more alliance-oriented trans and feminist politics – and it matters on a personal as well as political level.

To return to my starting point, as a trans woman I have found little but warm regard from feminist colleagues, students and friends of all ages. This has been an uplifting experience. But more than this, it provides respectful political ground on which to mutually live and think through sex and gender. Surely, in a time of pandemic, this is ground to further cultivate.

Kim Humphery is associate professor in sociology and social theory at RMIT University

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White House says US is ‘a leader’ in fighting coronavirus, despite rising infections – video | World news

Kayleigh McEnany says the US has been a leader in the fight against Covid-19, despite rising infections across the country. Its infection tally is nearing 3m cases, while there have been 130,000 deaths. Speaking at a press briefing, the White House press secretary added: ‘No one wants to see anyone in this country contract coronavirus, which is why the administration has fought hard to make sure that’s not the case with our historic response effort’

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Indiana: Black activist says white attackers threatened to ‘get a noose’ | US news

A Black man says a group of white men assaulted him and threatened to “get a noose” after claiming that he and his friends had trespassed on private property as they gathered at an Indiana lake over the Fourth of July weekend.

Vauhxx Booker, a local civil rights activist and member of the Monroe county human rights commission, posted cellphone video on Facebook that shows part of the altercation. He said he called 911 Saturday after the men assaulted him and pinned him to a tree at Lake Monroe, south of Booker’s hometown of Bloomington.

Law enforcement officers with the Indiana department of natural resources responded and are investigating, said Capt Jet Quillen. A final report will be forwarded to the Monroe county prosecutor’s office, Quillen continued, providing no other details about what happened or whether any arrests had been made.

The prosecutor’s office did not immediately respond to the Associated Press’s request for comment.

In his Facebook post, Booker said that he apologized after the men told him they were trespassing, but that five white men then attacked him. Booker wrote that the men threatened to break his arms and said “get a noose” while telling his friends to leave the area. He also said one of the men had a hat with a Confederate flag on it and that the men made statements about “white power”.

One video clip that he posted shows a white man holding Booker up against a tree. Another depicts a different man calling someone off-camera a “nappy headed [expletive].” In another, the same man yells, “You invaded us!” and calls someone in Booker’s group a “stupid [expletive] liberal [expletive].”

“We were calm and polite, but looking back now, it’s apparent that these individuals began targeting our group the moment they saw myself, a Black man and were looking to provoke a conflict,” Booker wrote.

Booker said he suffered a minor concussion, cuts, and bruises and had patches of his hair pulled out.

The Bloomington mayor, John Hamilton, and city clerk, Nicole Bolden, issued a statement Monday expressing their “outrage and grief” over what they said was a racially motivated attack.

The state senator Mark Stoops, a Bloomington Democrat, said he was “horrified by the racist attack” and called on the Republican governor, Eric Holcomb, to suspend and investigate the department of natural resources officers who responded to the scene for failing to make any arrests.

“This is not just an issue of violence,” Stoops said in a statement Monday. “This is clearly a hate crime and must be treated as such.”

In 2018, Booker spoke out after a Bloomington Transit employee accused Booker of stealing a bus pass shortly after he bought a ticket. Booker said the employee sold him the pass, then could not find proof of the transaction and called the police. The unnamed Bloomington Transit employee was fired.

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Phoenix police fatally shoot man in parked car, sparking new wave of protest | US news

Police in Phoenix, Arizona, fatally shot a man sitting inside his parked car, reigniting protests and outrage against a department known as one of the deadliest in the country.

The shooting took place in West Phoenix on Saturday afternoon. Witness footage published by local councilman, Carlos Garcia, showed a group of at least four officers surrounding a vehicle and quickly firing a round of bullets into the car. Onlookers could be heard pleading with the officers to put their guns down. The video captures one officer screaming, “Stop fucking moving, I will fucking shoot you!” as witnesses nearby shout, “Don’t shoot!”

The victim, identified as James Garcia, was pronounced dead at the hospital.

Police officials said the officers were responding after a 911 caller had said a man who had threatened to kill him earlier had returned with a knife. When the officers arrived, officials said, they “noticed an adult man sitting in a car parked in the driveway”. Officers instructed him to get out of the vehicle and he refused and showed a gun, according to the department’s account. One officer broke the passenger window while two officers fired a rapid round of bullets directly into the vehicle, the department said, alleging that he refused to drop the gun.

Police have declined to say if the man they killed had any connection to the original call. Asked whether James Garcia was the suspect with a knife referenced in the 911 call, a spokeswoman, Mercedes Fortune, told the Guardian: “We do not know that yet.”

On Monday, police released short body-camera footage of an officer arriving at the scene after the shooting. The footage blurs out the image of Garcia, but it captures an officer removing a handgun from inside the front of the car. Police, however, refused to release body-camera footage of the moments before and during the shooting.

Witnesses at the scene as well as a friend of James Garcia have questioned the police’s account and said the video makes clear that the officers’ escalation was dramatic and they suddenly used lethal force.

Mayor Kate Gallego, who has promised reforms in the wake of the George Floyd protests, did not respond to a request for comment and has not issued a statement on the recent killing.

“I’m at a loss for words that this has happened again. It’s sickening,” said Jocquese Blackwell, a local attorney representing the family of Dion Johnson, another man who was recently killed by police in similar circumstances. “These officers are acting like they are on a video game. It’s not a game. These are real lives.”

Jamaar Williams, a member of the Black Lives Matter Phoenix chapter, said there was “no justification for what happened”: “This man was boxed in, in a car, by himself. He literally had nowhere to go and you’re holding him at gunpoint, for whose safety? Who is in danger?”

Activists and civil rights lawyers across Phoenix said this latest killing was part of a pattern of police unnecessarily using brutal and deadly force. Local police were already facing widespread backlash for killing Johnson, 28, who had been sleeping in his car when police shot him in May. That this latest killing occurred on camera, amid intense local and national scrutiny of police violence, was further indication of the department’s deeply rooted problems, they said.






Dion Johnson. Photograph: Courtesy Jocquese Blackwell

Phoenix, the fifth-largest city in the US, has had one of the highest rates of police shootings and police killing of civilians. Efforts at modest reforms have faced intense police union and city council resistance for years. The city only adopted body cameras last year and until recently, it was the only major city to lack a civilian review board, meant to have oversight of the department. Its creation has made little difference, activists said.

“These reforms do nothing because we have to keep seeing our people murdered in the streets,” said Williams, who has been pushing for the defunding of the police department. “These reforms are shit. They are not mechanisms that facilitate the safety that we need, because police do not provide safety. They keep throwing police at social problems – and it’s getting us killed.”

In 2018, Phoenix officials blamed a rise in police violence cases on civilians’ behavior, alleging that officers were faced with increasing violence and threats. But attorneys have argued there was no evidence to substantiate those claims and have pointed to cases in which police have brutalized people and then charged them with assaulting officers.

“Phoenix has had committee after committee be formed to provide recommendations about what to do to reform this department,” said Heather Hamel, a civil rights lawyer. “But the fact of the matter is, this police department is just inherently violent.”

Hamel represented a blind man who was tackled by an officer in a public restroom after he allegedly got too close to the policeman. In the aftermath, the man said on camera that he didn’t realize his assailant was an officer and that there was no obvious reason for the officer to attack him. Yet the man was arrested for “aggravated assault” against an officer. Prosecutors later declined to file charges.

“They resort to violence as a first measure,” Hamel said.

When Phoenix police were recently forced to report every time they pointed their guns at people, the data showed the majority of civilians held at gunpoint were people of color, with Black residents disproportionately targeted.

“These officers typically go into situations with a certain amount of aggression, with guns blazing,” said James Palestini, another local attorney. “There is definitely a sense of ‘us vs them’. They are not looking to de-escalate.”

Palestini said cases like the Saturday killing have typically received minimal attention, and that the protest movement was helping expose the brutality: “A lot of these incidents happened in the past and never came to light, and these officers are still working.”

Recent protests against police violence in Phoenix have been met with mass arrests of young people and police have used teargas and other weapons to disperse the crowds, said Steve Benedetto, a lawyer representing activists. “Most people we’ve been talking to have been deeply traumatized.”

Councilman Garciawrote on Facebook that he was not surprised “Phoenix PD continues to respond violently to calls”.

”We must all continue to ask for transparency and accountability,” he said.

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Jonathan Sackler, joint owner of opioid maker Purdue Pharma, dies aged 65 | Business

Jonathan Sackler, one of the owners of Purdue Pharma, the maker of the controversial opioid prescription painkiller OxyContin has died, the company confirmed on Monday.

Sackler died on 30 June, according to a court filing. He was 65 and the cause of death was cancer.

Although he kept a low-profile, he was known in conservative education circles for his vigorous support of and donations to the cause of charter schools.

Jonathan was the son of Raymond Sackler, one of three New York brothers who bought the small drug company Purdue Frederick in 1952 and built it into a hugely profitable pharmaceutical firm, now called Purdue Pharma, that developed the powerful, sustained-release opioid painkiller OxyContin.

The pill was launched in the mid-1990s and vigorously promoted but the Connecticut-based private company and its billionaire family owners have been sued by local government bodies and several state attorneys general across the US, accused of fueling the opioids crisis.

Jonathan Sackler was named as a defendant in some key lawsuits, alongside seven other members of the Sackler family, accused of marketing OxyContin in ways that misled the public and doctors about how addictive it could be and how easily abused, and with encouraging overprescription of the painkillers.

Those family members were faced with allegations in lawsuits that “eight people in a single family made the choices that caused much of the US opioid epidemic” via a “deadly, deceptive … illegal scheme”, although they are currently shielded from litigation by a bankruptcy court in New York state.

Purdue is seeking bankruptcy protection as part of an effort to settle nearly 3,000 lawsuits that blame the company for sparking the opioid crisis that has killed more than 450,000 Americans in the last 20 years, and also settle a Department of Justice criminal investigation as part of the bankruptcy process.

Hundreds of the lawsuits also named Jonathan and some other family members, including his late mother Beverly, who died last year at 95, the widow of founding brother Raymond.

The family and the company deny wrongdoing.

Jonathan Sackler served as an executive and board member for Purdue Pharma. Like other members of the Sackler family, he had stepped off the board of the company in recent years, though retaining ownership.

The company’s settlement plan calls for the family, which has been listed among America’s wealthiest, to pay at least $3bn and give up ownership of Purdue.

Sackler, like his fellow company owners, avoided media interviews and scrutiny and the finances of the family and Purdue are not transparent, although the billionaire owners at last published estimate were said to be collectively worth about $13bn.

Jonathan was a vice-president of Purdue in the past though had less involvement than his older brother Richard, who has been chief executive.

The two brothers funded a professorship of internal medicine at Yale University.

The family’s academic and arts philanthropy has come under high-profile attack from some quarters in recent years because their fortune was made from the high-margin OxyContin drug, and some institutions named after the Sacklers took the name down.

Jonathan Sackler’s daughter Madeleine is a well-known documentary film-maker.

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White House claims US is ‘a leader’ in fight against Covid-19 as cases rise | Trump administration

The White House claimed on Monday that the US has been “a leader” in the global fight against coronavirus, despite infections nationally now approaching 3m, with 130,000 deaths, and America recently witnessing the highest ever number of new daily cases reported in the world.

With the majority of US states reporting increases in new cases, the White House press secretary, Kayleigh McEnany, said at a briefing on Monday afternoon: “I think the world is looking at us as a leader in Covid-19.”

The US has not yet got new infections under control, according to the leading public health expert Dr Anthony Fauci’s recent alarmed comments to Congress. And the EU chose not to include the US as a country approved for non-essential travel as it starts to open its borders.

This as officials in states across America’s southern sun belt are closing down parts of the economy again.

Parts of Arizona, Florida and Texas are all rolling back economic reopenings due to surges in Covid-19 infections. All three states reopened swiftly this spring, and local officials are now attributing an explosion of cases to those early decisions.

Florida surpassed 200,000 cases over the weekend with the pace of new diagnoses quickening. But even as Florida saw a particularly large rise, the governor, Ron DeSantis, said at a press conference on Monday: “I think we’ve stabilized.”

He stopped short of calling for mandatory face coverings in public, and encouraged people to “avoid closed spaces, crowded places, close-contact settings”. Despite evidence to the contrary, he also continued to push hydroxychloroquine as a treatment for Covid-19. Scientists now believe the drug is ineffective.

Meanwhile, local officials in DeSantis’s state rolled back the economic reopenings of the spring over concern hospitals, especially in south Florida, could soon be overwhelmed.

“We want to ensure our hospitals continue to have the staffing necessary to save lives,” said Miami-Dade county’s mayor, Carlos A Gimenez, as he closed bars, all restaurant dining, banquet halls, gyms and short-term rentals. “If we see crowding and people not following public health rules, I will be forced to close beaches again,” he said.

Houston’s mayor, Sylvester Turns, told CBS on Sunday that, like Gimenez, his major concern in Texas was now hospital staffing.

“We can always provide additional beds,”Turner said. “But we need the people, the nurses and everybody else, the medical professionals, to staff those beds.”

Closures and hand-wringing come after the Fourth of July weekend, a holiday known for drinking and partying, and on the heels of similar restrictions imposed in Arizona and Texas.

“I’m still worried about [the] July 4 weekend and hoping that we don’t have the same spike after that that we did on Memorial Day weekend,” Steve Adler, mayor of Austin, Texas, said in an interview to local news station KVUE, referring to the late May holiday. “The numbers are scary if we don’t change the trajectory.”

In many cases, officials said increased infections were driven by the demographic at low-risk of death from Covid-19, especially people in their 20s and 30s, who were going to bars, restaurants and nightclubs.

In Florida, DeSantis said the most common age of new infections is 21. In Phoenix, Arizona, the mayor, Kate Gallego, told ABC on Sunday that the behavior of people between 21and 44 had led to “the explosion” in cases.

“We opened way too early in Arizona,” Gallego said. She later added: “We’re seeing a lot of people go to large family gatherings and infect their family members.” Arizona’s Republican governor, Doug Ducey, closed theaters, bars and gyms before the long holiday weekend.

The age of new infections may be driving what appears, at first glance, to be a contradictory phenomenon: Covid-19 infections are increasing, but deaths remain steady. Younger people without chronic health problems are less likely to die from Covid-19, although they can still become sick and infect other higher-risk people.

However, another reason deaths have so far remained steady is because hospitalizations and deaths are lagging indicators for Covid-19, which has a long incubation period. Increases in these numbers can trail infections by weeks as people infected with the disease develop symptoms, and go to hospitals when they have difficulty recovering.

As of Monday, most states were seeing an increase in cases, according to a Covid-19 tracker developed by Johns Hopkins University. The previously hard-hit north-eastern US appeared to be one of the few regions uniformly recovering.

New York City entered a new phase of reopening on Monday. Nail and tanning salons, dog runs and indoor sports facilities, such as volleyball and handball, reopened.

While 7,000 New York City restaurants have opened for outdoor dining, indoor dining will be postponed for a “substantial amount of time” because of outbreaks traced to bars and restaurants nationally.

The new hotspots also pose risks for states across the country which have contained the virus. In New Jersey, which slowly reopened after being pummeled by infections in spring, more than a dozen new cases were tied to those returning from the vacation destination of Myrtle Beach, South Carolina.

“I do not want to have to hit another pause on our restart because a small number of New Jerseyans are being irresponsible,” New Jersey’s governor, Phil Murphy, said on Monday, according to the local news station WPVI.