Scientists at Cornell University have created a tiny micro-robot that “walks” using four legs. Invisible to the naked eye, 10 of the computer chip bots could fit within the full stop at the end of this sentence.
Their legs can be independently triggered to bend using laser light. By toggling the laser back and forth between the front and back legs, the robot walks.
It would take less than a week to make a swarm of a million robots, which Itai Cohen and Paul McEuen Labs hope could be adapted to become a medical tool. They are small enough to be injected into the body and Prof Cohen hopes that eventually robots like these could be designed to hunt down and destroy cancer cells.
(Image: Microbot, Credit: Marc Miskin / Itai Cohen and Paul McEuen Labs / Cornell University, USA.)
Video by Jennifer Green, interview by Ania Lichtarowicz and Gareth Mitchell.
He made the claims during the final segment, on “election integrity,” in which moderator Chris Wallace asked, “What are you prepared to do to reassure the American people that the next president will be the legitimate winner of this election?”
After repeating the false claim that President Barack Obama’s administration spied on his campaign, the president turned to the issue of voting by mail. Trump has frequently criticized states’ expansion of voting by mail, which is being used to try to keep voters safe during the Covid-19 pandemic by reducing the need for people to congregate at the polls.
“As far as the ballots are concerned, it’s a disaster,” Trump said before claiming that there is widespread fraud in mail-in elections — that’s false. He also claimed without evidence that ballots were being dumped in rivers and creeks, and he made a sweeping, also unsupported claim that ballots were being sold by postal workers.
And while Trump has made many of these claims before — he has been complaining about voter fraud since his election, insisting without evidence that it’s why he lost the popular vote in 2016 — the debate gave Trump’s conspiracy-laden view of American elections a large audience.
Here are his claims, and the facts.
1. There’s fraud, and ballots get dumped in rivers and creeks
“There’s fraud. They found them in creeks. They found some with the name ‘Trump,’ just happened to have the name ‘Trump,’ just the other day, in a wastepaper basket,” he said. Later, he claimed that ballots were being “dumped in rivers.”
That is mostly false. Numerous studies have debunked the notion that there is substantial, widespread voter fraud in American elections, whether they are conducted predominantly by mail or otherwise. There’s also no evidence of fraud or of ballots’ being dumped in bodies of water — whether they’re creeks or rivers.
Nine military ballots were found after having been improperly discarded in Pennsylvania, prompting a criminal investigation and the firing of the temporary employee believed to have been responsible for the error. Seven of the nine ballots were cast for Trump, a federal prosecutor’s office said.
2. ‘Everybody got two ballots’
Ballots are “being sent all over the place. They sent two in a Democrat area. They sent out a thousand ballots — everybody got two ballots. This is going to be a fraud like you’ve never seen,” Trump said.
“On November 3, you’re watching, and you see who won the election,” Trump said. “But you know what? We might not know for months.”
While election results could take longer than Americans are used to this year because some states don’t allow election officials to count mailed ballots until polls close, it’s more likely to take days and weeks, rather than “months,” as Trump suggests. Some states are trying to speed up their counting processes, too.
In 2000, a recount in Florida did end up taking a full month, because it was contested to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Count decided in favor of George W. Bush in the dispute on Dec. 12, 2000, handing him Florida and thus the Electoral College.
4. People can vote for a week after the election
“Can you imagine where they say you have to have your ballot in by November 10th? November 10th. That means, that is seven days after the election, in theory should have been announced,” Trump said, seeming to suggest that voters could cast ballots after Election Day.
No one can vote after Election Day, by mail or otherwise. For people voting by mail, some states allow ballots that were postmarked on or before Election Day to be counted even if the Postal Service doesn’t deliver them for several days.
5. ‘Mailmen are selling the ballots’
“Take a look at West Virginia. Mailmen are selling the ballots. They’re being sold,” Trump said.
Americans over 30 have been drinking more during the coronavirus pandemic compared to this time last year, and there could be consequences to their physical and mental health, researchers reported Tuesday.
Overall frequency of alcohol consumption increased by about 14% from 2019, the researchers reported in the journal JAMA Network Open. That increase averages out to about one additional drinking day per month by 75% of adults.
RAND Corporation sociologist Michael Pollard and colleagues analyzed a nationally representative sample of 1,540 people ages 30 to 80. The participants completed a survey about their drinking habits between April 29 and June 9 of 2019 and then again between May 28 and June 16 of 2020.
The volunteers reported they drank alcohol on more days every week. They also reported increases in the number of drinks they had; the number of heavy drinking days; and the number of alcohol related problems over the last 30 days between 2019 and 2020.
Frequency of drinking increased by 17% among women, 19% among people aged 30 to 59 and by 10% among White people.
Heavy drinking among women increased by 41% — about one additional day of heavy drinking for one in every five women. Nearly one in 10 women, or 39%, reported an increase in alcohol-related problems, the researchers found.
“At times of lockdown during the COVID-19 pandemic, alcohol consumption can exacerbate health vulnerability, risk-taking behaviors, mental health issues and violence,” the World Health Organization said in April.
The researchers say it’s important to watch for whether the increases in alcohol consumption persist over the pandemic, and whether there will be physical and mental health consequences as a result.
In “Unpregnant,”the HBO bildungsroman released this month,the plot revolves around a 17-year-old heroine who travels from Missouri to Albuquerque — a road trip of 1,000 miles — because that’s the nearest place she can get an abortion without parental consent. Watching it made me recall a conversation with a feminist friend, who shocked the hell out of me last year by saying that progressives were too focused on protecting Roe v. Wade.
Why? The argument is that we currently have the worst of both worlds. We’ve basically lost the abortion fight: If Roeis overturned, access to abortion will depend on where you live — but access to abortion already depends on where you live. At the same time, we have people voting for Donald Trump because he’ll appoint justices who will overturn Roe. Maybe it is time to face the fact that abortion access will be fought for in legislatures, not courts.
I was shocked, but I could see the logic. It’s true that abortion access is already abysmal. The stressful road trip in “Unpregnant” is actually in some ways a best-case scenario; many women seeking abortions aren’t suburban teenagers without economic pressures or family responsibilities. Nearly 60 percent have already had one child and nearly half live below the poverty level; some fear they’ll be fired if they take time off, particularly if they need to make two trips, as they must in the 26 states with mandatory waiting periods.
The argument that the left has already lost the abortion fight reflects the fact that there’s no abortion clinic in 90 percent of American counties. This is the result of the highly successful death-by-a-thousand-cuts anti-abortion strategy, which has piled on restriction after restriction to make abortion inaccessible to as many American women as possible.
Chief Justice John Roberts’s concurring opinion this summer in June Medical Services v. Russo— the one that mattered — was hailed as a surprise victory for abortion rights, but not by me. Justice Roberts refused to uphold Louisiana restrictions virtually identical to those the court struck down as unconstitutional just four years earlier, but clearly stated that his reluctance was because of his respect for precedent. Anyone with their eyes open could see the justice signaling to abortion opponents to continue the process of eroding Roe v. Wade’s nigh-absolute protection of access to abortion during the first trimester by inventing new types of restrictions, which they have been remarkably creative in doing.
If Judge Amy Coney Barrett becomes the next Supreme Court justice, Justice Roberts’s vote will be irrelevant, anyway. And if things already looked pretty grim, now they look much worse: Up to 21 states have passed laws banning or limiting abortions in ways that are currently unconstitutional. Many will go into effect immediately if Roeis fully overturned.
So what should we do now? Often forgotten is that R.B.G. herself had decided that Roe was a mistake. In 1992, she gave a lecture musing that the country might be better off if the Supreme Court had written a narrower decision and opened up a “dialogue” with state legislatures, which were trending “toward liberalization of abortion statutes” (to quote the Roe court). Roe“halted a political process that was moving in a reform direction and thereby, I believe, prolonged divisiveness and deferred stable settlement of the issue,” Justice Ginsburg argued. In the process, “a well-organized and vocal right-to-life movement rallied and succeeded, for a considerable time, in turning the legislative tide in the opposite direction.”
What Ginsburg called Roe’s“divisiveness” was instrumental in the rise of the American right, which was flailing until Phyllis Schlafly discovered the galvanizing force of opposition to abortion and the Equal Rights Amendment. Schlafly wrote the culture wars playbook that created the odd coupling of the country-club business elite with evangelicals and blue-collar whites. In exchange for business-friendly policies like tax cuts and deregulation, Republicans now allow these groups to control their agenda on religion and abortion. It’s hard to remember now but this was not inevitable: abortion was not always seen as the partisan issue it is today, nor did evangelicals uniformly oppose abortion.
Whether or not R.B.G.’s assessment of Roe was correct, the best tribute we can pay to her is to do what she suggests: open up the kind of dialogue that occurred in Ireland, where young people knocked on grannies’ doors and persuaded them to vote to legalize abortion, which — much to the distress of the Catholic Church — they did. (At the same time, activists galvanized to ensure that, in the absence of a referendum, women throughout the country would have access to and knowledge about medication abortions.)
I don’t want Roe to be overturned, but if that happens, it could bring political opportunity. The emotional heat that surrounds abortion as an issue manages to obscure that the attitudes driving opposition to abortion actually reveal some surprising common ground with progressives on economic issues.
Non-elites often see elites’ obsession with abortion rights as evidence that they are slaves to ambition who don’t see that “family comes first.” But look closer and one can find embedded in this ideology a powerful critique of capitalism: “I think we’ve accepted abortion because we’re a very materialistic society and there is less time for caring,” as one woman told the anthropologist Faye Ginsburg. The feminist historian Linda Gordon agreed: Those against abortion “fear a completely individualized society with all services based on cash nexus relationships, without the influence of nurturing women counteracting the completely egoistic principles of the economy.”
I’m still reluctant to embrace the “overrule and move on” strategy, but moving on may be our only choice. And if abortion stops playing such a role in presidential elections, then Democrats may fare better with the 19 percent of Trump voters who have bipartisan voting habits and warm feelings toward minorities; we know 83 percent of them think the economy is rigged in favor of the rich and 68 percent favor raising taxes on the rich.
Once their presidential vote is not driven by Supreme Court appointments, how many might decide to vote on economic issues? And what greater tribute could there be to R.B.G. than both a legislative restoration of abortion rights, and a new Democratic Party that can win — not just by a hair but by a landslide?
Joan C. Williams is a professor of law at the University of California Hastings College of the Law and the author of “White Working Class.”
It’s been a constant refrain of the Trump administration: Americans are getting the short end of the stick in their business deals.
When it comes to pharmaceuticals, there’s a kernel of truth to it. Take the dramatic headlines of sky-high insulin prices and persistent fears of medical bankruptcy. Americans consistently pay more than their European counterparts for their medicines.
To address this imbalance, the administration issued an executive order earlier this month to ensure that U.S. drug prices aren’t higher than those of other rich countries. But experts warn there’s a very real risk it won’t succeed in slashing the prices, while making the already secretive market for pharmaceuticals even more opaque.
Still, the president has long hammered away, threatening Big Pharma with government action if it didn’t start toeing the line and blaming other countries for not shouldering the fair share of costs for research.
The latest executive order signed by the administration — coming just ahead of the U.S. election on November 3 — is meant to put a little bit of bite behind that bark.
The idea is that Americans shouldn’t foot the bill for the expensive R&D that goes behind the development of new drugs.
Although short on specifics, it mandates that the price of certain drugs bought through the huge Medicare program — which covers health care for Americans 65 and older — be pegged to the lowest price in a comparably wealthy country, as measured by GDP per capita. In practice, the reference price would be set mainly by looking at European countries.
The idea is that Americans shouldn’t foot the bill for the expensive R&D that is behind the development of new drugs. The order would then let Americans pay less for their medicines while giving pharma some bargaining power in places like Europe to hike prices and share the burden of research costs more widely.
Kasper Ernest, secretary-general of the European parallel traders lobby Affordable Medicines Europe, said that a drop in prices would “normally dictate price increases elsewhere,” given that major pharmaceutical businesses make the bulk of their profits in the U.S.
“That’s the theoretical point of view,” is how he described it.
In short, the aim of the order is to achieve a re-balancing.
“Other countries’ governments regulate drug prices by negotiating with drug manufacturers to secure bargain prices, leaving Americans to make up the difference — effectively subsidizing innovation and lower-cost drugs for the rest of the world,” reads the order. “Americans should not bear extra burdens to compensate for the shortfalls that result from the nationalized public healthcare systems of wealthy countries abroad.”
But experts are skeptical that’s how it will play out in practice.
“I would question to what extent this is reality or this is just making a show,” Ernest said.
Playing poker with drug prices
First, there’s the issue of transparency. To tie the U.S. price to the lowest one in a comparable country in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) — and achieve a “most-favored-nation price,” as it’s called in the order — countries would need to be far more public about the deals they strike.
There happens to be growing support for more light on these often murky deals. For example, there’s a groundswell of countries trying to share more information about R&D costs, public funding and other matters related to drug pricing in the wake of an Italian-backed resolution adopted by the World Health Assembly in 2019.
But the order could paradoxically end up undermining transparency, warns Marcus Guardian, the chief operating officer of the EU’s voluntary health technology assessment collaboration, EUnetHTA. Pharma companies and governments will have an even greater incentive to keep secret the details of drug deals, since that information could be weaponized by the U.S. in a bid to win lower prices.
“There’s a risk that secrecy will increase,” she said. She also points to another, worse, alternative in which “fake transparency” takes its place, resulting in public list prices that have nothing to do with the ones that are eventually negotiated.
Calling the bluff
There’s then the question of whether the U.S. proposal would, or could, work.
‘T Hoen points to the Dutch, who use a similar system of reference pricing and keep what she describes as “a wonderful database” of drug prices.
But she cautions it’s “probably not” a reflection of what is really paid, which remains unknown.
Sofie Alverlind, a coordinator for the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions (SKR), which helps negotiate the price of some drugs in the country, said she also was nonplussed by the American proposal at first glance.
“U.S. drug prices have historically had little impact on European drug prices,” she said.
Suerie Moon, co-director of the Global Health Centre at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, calls the proposal “a toothless tiger.”
“It’s extremely vague and full of loopholes,” Moon explained. She points to the fact that the reference basket of OECD countries that would serve as possible benchmarks has yet to be specified. Instead, it makes a vague reference to “comparable” GDP per capita.
“All of this takes time to work out,” she said. “It could be years before we see anything, and what we see may not have an impact.”
“If you’re the country doing the reference pricing, you have no idea of the numbers you’re using, [or] what relation they bear to reality,” she said. “Drug prices aren’t straightforward to assess.”
Playing another game
EUnetHTA’s Guardian noted another “bizarre twist” in the order’s text: The complaint that the U.S. federal government is paying more than smaller countries, despite its market power as one of the world’s largest payers.
“I would question if it is the right approach to … look externally” rather than considering “internal factors,” Guardian said.
The executive order signed by the Trump administration wants to ensure U.S. drug prices aren’t higher than those of other rich countries | Brendan Smialowski/AFP via Getty Images
One of the internal factors helping smaller countries, he said, is their health technology assessment, the process that gives payers hard data on how well a drug works so that they can use it to push back against industry demands. In Europe, each country has its own HTA, but Brussels has been pushing for an EU HTA.
“If transparency is such an issue for any government, including for the U.S. government, it would be a much more appropriate tool for the U.S. to reach out to OECD partners,” said Guardian. “Let’s discuss transparency and let’s discuss prices for all of us.”
Such cooperation would “significantly strengthen their position toward industry,” he added.
There’s an indication that Europeans are willing to play ball and cooperate on transparency.
“A more coordinated international approach on pricing is necessary to achieve a healthy balance and fair pricing” — Tom Elbersen, a Dutch health ministry spokesperson
Tom Elbersen, a spokesperson for the Dutch health ministry, said that the Netherlands is “in favor of dialogue with other countries.”
“A more coordinated international approach on pricing is necessary to achieve a healthy balance and fair pricing,” he said.
Italy once again is leading the charge for more openness on pharmaceutical expenses, recently finalizing rules requiring companies to disclose in some cases information about research costs.
“What’s the price that will allow for adequate investment in R&D, and remains affordable and sustainable?” asked Moon. “That’s the crux of the concept of fair pricing.”
“Other countries in Europe are looking with a lot of interest at the Italian example,” Moon added.
Even if Trump’s executive order is successful at lowering the price of drugs in the U.S., there’s no guarantee that pharmaceutical majors will be able to hike prices in Europe, given the current political environment.
“There already is a lot of political pressure over accessibility, and a price hike for drugs could spark outrage and a backlash,” warned Affordable Medicines Europe’s Ernest.
Sarah Wheaton contributed reporting.
This article is part of POLITICO’s premium policy service: Pro Health Care. From drug pricing, EMA, vaccines, pharma and more, our specialized journalists keep you on top of the topics driving the health care policy agenda. Email email@example.com for a complimentary trial.
I can’t imagine Trump helped himself with that performance. I suspect that to regular voters, he just looked rude or worse, in failing to denounce white supremacy and railing on about Hunter Biden. Fox went gaga over that performance, of course, but I think most of non-Fox America was appalled by Trump. In fact, I think most of America will wonder why there even ought to be two more debates, if they’re going to be like this.
That said, Biden missed a few hanging curveballs over the plate. There were a handful of moments when Trump actually let him talk, and when that happened, Biden could have shut Trump’s histrionics down and more or less ended this race, but he couldn’t quite do it. I have three key occasions in mind.
The Fox News host Chris Wallace faced much criticism as he struggled to referee the first presidential debate between Donald Trump and Joe Biden on Tuesday night.
For most of the event, Trump talked over Biden and Wallace failed to keep the president patient for his chance to talk. At a few other moments, the Democratic challenger’s scowls and snickering at the president interrupted Trump’s comments.
Many viewers blamed Wallace, though it was Trump who most often broke the agreed rules of the debate, refused to stick to his own speaking time, and steamrollered over both other men.
“That was a hot mess, inside a dumpster fire, inside a train wreck,” said CNN’s chief Washington correspondent, Jake Tapper. “That was the worst debate I have ever seen. In fact, it wasn’t even a debate. It was a disgrace, and it’s primarily because of President Trump.”
“That was the worst presidential debate I have ever seen in my life,” said ABC political anchor George Stephanopoulos.
The former Democratic senator Claire McCaskill tweeted: “Chris Wallace is embarrassing, and trying to pretend that the problem isn’t 100% Trump.”
Again and again as Trump interrupted Biden, Wallace could be heard in the background saying “Mr President, Mr President”, trying to get Trump to wait his turn.
Ben Rhodes, a political commentator and former deputy national security adviser under Barack Obama, tweeted: “Chris Wallace just disappearing”.
The New York magazine business journalist Josh Barro tweeted: “People are hating on Chris Wallace but I think there was no way to moderate this debate effectively.”
Debate moderators often get either high marks or low marks from viewers, conservative and liberal, during presidential debates. It’s rarer to see bipartisan agreement that a moderator lost control. That was the emerging opinion coming out of the first debate, as conservative commentators criticised Wallace for not challenging Biden on some of his attacks on Trump.
Biden seemed to get frustrated with Wallace’s failing attempts to rein in Trump when it was his turn to talk.
“It’s hard to get a word in with this clown,” Biden said.
Wallace himself seemed aware that he didn’t have total command over the debate. After an extended speech by Trump, Biden said: “I can’t remember everything he was ranting about.”
The U_N_ General Assembly meeting began with a declaration that the urgency for all countries to unite âhas rarely been greater.â
EDITH M. LEDERER Associated Press
September 30, 2020, 6:19 AM
â¢ 4 min read
UNITED NATIONS — This year’s U.N. General Assembly meeting began with calls for multilateralism and cooperation â a declaration that the urgency for countries to unite âhas rarely been greater.â It concluded with a parade of divisive grievances that echoed when the final gavel fell.
Leader after leader in days of speeches delivered virtually stressed the importance of working together to navigate the coronavirus outbreak and the challenges that lie beyond it. As Germanyâs foreign minister put it, COVID-19 âshows that international cooperation is neither an ideology nor an end in itself. On the contrary, it delivers results, far beyond the actual pandemic.â
Words, though, are not results. Though the U.N. and most of its member states largely envision a multilateral world, the underlying issues and challenges that divide nations sat squarely in the spotlight, as the âright of replyâ at the end of the closing session demonstrated vividly.
One by one they came forward â lower-level diplomats tasked with replying to leadersâ speeches with intense responses.
On the hot-button conflict of the moment, between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the separatist enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, diplomats from the two countries went after each other over responsibility for the latest fighting. Bangladesh went after Myanmar over the more than 700,000 Rohingya Muslims who fled a crackdown by Myanmarâs military in 2017 and are living in camps in Bangladesh, still fearful of returning home — and Myanmar responded.
Iran went after Israel over the speech by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who claimed that the Islamic Republic would have âenough enriched uranium in a few months for two nuclear bombsâ after it recently began exceeding limits set by the 2015 nuclear deal with world powers.
An Iranian diplomat accused Israel of disregarding U.N. resolutions on negotiating a two-state solution with the Palestinians, and countered that Israel âposes the most serious threats to the security of the states in the Middle Eastâ because of its widely reported nuclear program, which Israel has never acknowledged.
The United Arab Emirates took the floor over a dispute with Iran over three Iranian-occupied islands the UAE claims and Tehranâs âdestabilizing conductâ in the region, including supporting Houthi Shiite rebels in Yemen. The UAE, in turn, vehemently dismissed Iranâs allegation that the UAE was destabilizing Mideast security.
Iran, again asked to reply, insisting on its claim to the islands and accusing the UAE of using starvation âas a war tactic in Yemen.â The UAE intervened for a second time, insisted the islands are occupied.
A Yemeni diplomat then responded to the Iranian, saying: âHow does he dare speak about the situation in Yemen while he is responsible for the situation?” The Yemeni accused Iran of âcontinuing their intervention to destabilize my country by providing money, weapons, training and equipment to establish their expansionist plan across the region.â
While all the leaders delivered prerecorded speeches, the diplomats late Tuesday spoke in person, seated behind their countryâs nameplate in the vast General Assembly Hall where virus restrictions meant only one representative of each of the 193 U.N. member nations was allowed.
The main in-person event was a virtual U.N. Security Council meeting that sparked one of the few real-time exchanges and centered the escalating U.S. confrontation with China. The clash at the meeting was over responsibility for the COVID-19 pandemic, which saw Russia back Beijing. But the U.S.-China confrontation extends to trade issues, claims in the South China Sea and Taiwan.
Chinaâs U.N. Mission issued a statement just before midnight Tuesday night protesting U.S. Ambassador Kelly Craftâs participation in an online event hosted by Taiwan on Monday. It said her remarks undermined Chinaâs sovereignty and territorial integrity.
âThere is only one China in the world, and Taiwan is an inalienable part of Chinaâs territory,â the mission said.
In his remarks opening the global gathering, U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres had painted a grim picture of the state of the world: an âepochalâ health crisis, economic calamity, threats to human rights and worries of a new Cold War between the U.S. and China.
Guterres called for global unity, foremost to fight the pandemic, and sharply criticized populism and nationalism as failed answers that often worsened the situation.
General Assembly President Volkan Bozkir ended the six-day meeting Tuesday night on an upbeat note, returning to the need for multilateralism and unity.
âThe challenges facing us are enormous, but so are the possibilities of solutions,â he said. âBy working together, we can overcome them.â
LOS ANGELES (AP) — Helen Reddy, who shot to stardom in the 1970s with her rousing feminist anthem “I Am Woman” and recorded a string of other hits, has died. She was 78.
Reddy’s children Traci and Jordan announced that the actor-singer died Tuesday in Los Angeles:
“It is with deep sadness that we announce the passing of our beloved mother, #HelenReddy…9/29 in #LA. She was…a truly formidable woman. Our hearts are broken. But we take comfort in the knowledge that her voice will live on forever.” pic.twitter.com/GD673W15cF
Reddy’s 1971 version of “I Don’t Know How to Love Him” from the musical “Jesus Christ Superstar” launched a decade-long string of Top 40 hits, three of which reached No. 1.
The Australian-born singer enjoyed a prolific career, appearing in “Airport 1975” as a singing nun and scoring several hits, including “Ain’t No Way To Treat a Lady,” “Delta Dawn,” “Angie Baby” and “You and Me Against the World.”
In 1973 she won the best female vocal pop performance Grammy Award for “I Am Woman,” quickly thanking her then-husband and others in her acceptance speech.
“I only have 10 seconds so I would like to thank everyone from Sony Capitol Records, I would like to think Jeff Wald because he makes my success possible and I would like to thank God because she makes everything possible,” Reddy said, hoisting her Grammy in the air and leaving the stage to loud applause. She also performed the song at the ceremony.
“I Am Woman” would become her biggest hit, used in films and television series.
In a 2012 interview with The Associated Press, Reddy cited the gigantic success of “I Am Woman” as one of the reasons she stepped out of public life.
“That was one of the reasons that I stopped singing, was when I was shown a modern American history high-school textbook, and a whole chapter on feminism and my name and my lyrics (were) in the book,” she told the AP. “And I thought, `Well, I’m part of history now. And how do I top that? I can’t top that.′ So, it was an easy withdrawal.”
Reddy’s death comes less than three weeks after the release of a biopic about her life called “I Am Woman.”
The film’s director, Unjoo Moon, said the film resulted in a seven-year friendship with Reddy.
“I will forever be grateful to Helen for teaching me so much about being an artist, a woman and a mother,” she said in a statement. “She paved the way for so many and the lyrics that she wrote for ‘I am Woman’ changed my life forever like they have done for so many other people and will continue to do for generations to come. She will always be a part of me and I will miss her enormously.”
A performer since childhood, Reddy was part of a show-business family in Melbourne. She won a contest that brought her to the United States and launched her recording career, although she first had to overcome ideas about her sound.
“In my earlier days in Australia, I was considered to be more of a jazz singer,” she told the AP in 1991. “When I won the contest that brought me to this country, one person said, ‘The judges didn’t feel you could have a recording career because you don’t have a commercial sound.’”
Reddy retired from performing in the 1990s and returned to Australia, getting her degree in clinical hypnotherapy.
She later returned to California, where in the 1970s she had served on a statewide Parks and Recreation Commission, and returned to the stage occasionally.
In 2017 she performed “I Am Woman” at a Women’s March in Los Angeles, singing alongside actor Jamie Lee Curtis. Curtis said it was the “ honor of my life” to introduce Reddy at the event.
Fans from all over the world posted tributes to Reddy on social media:
As a 15 yr old girl, this song was my anthem. Thank you Helen Reddy. You sang for so many of us and still do. 🖤https://t.co/Q9Ng1dyHrd
Helen Reddy, the activist and beautiful voice behind the 1972 feminist anthem “I Am Woman,” has died at age 78. She had a string of pop and rock hits in the 1970s, but it’s THAT song that proves music can change the world for the better. pic.twitter.com/YFE1sNvTJf
I am heartbroken by the news. Helen Reddy has passed away. She will always remain our Candle on the Water. God speed, and thanks for the amazing voice you shared with the world. pic.twitter.com/SAVtiv3Sol
I am really saddened to hear of the death of Australian singer Helen Reddy, well- known for many standards including #IAmWoman. She also did some films, including Airport 1975. Here she is playing a singing nun with Linda Blair in a scene from that wild #disasterfilm classic. pic.twitter.com/6SNhbmo116
WASHINGTON — The night voters across the country were waiting for finally arrived: President Donald Trump and former Vice President Joe Biden went head to head in their first debate of the general election.
It was an opportunity for each to appeal to undecided voters and solidify their bases by explaining their policies and visions for the country, but the majority of the time on stage was spent trying to get their points across amid frequent interjections and back-and-forth exchanges.
They bickered over their views on who should appoint the next Supreme Court justice, their stances on health care and even brought each other’s families into the fray. Moderator Chris Wallace of Fox News struggled to rein in the candidates and at times admonished Trump as interrupting more frequently than Biden.
These are some of the most memorable debate moments:
‘Will you shut up, man?’
A question on health care led to a tense moment early in the night with Biden calling on Trump to “shut up.”
“Will you shut up, man?” Biden said while shaking his head, after the president continued to interrupt the former vice president. “This is so unpresidential.”
During the health care discussion, which dominated much of the first 30 minutes of the debate, Trump accused Biden of trying to abolish private health care and accused him of being a “socialist.” Biden, however, said he would expand Obamacare and would continue to have private insurance under his administration.
“Your party wants to go socialist,” Trump said. “They’re going to dominate you, Joe, you know that.”
But Biden pushed back that during the Democratic primaries he beat progressives like Sen. Bernie Sanders of Vermont, whose top policy was Medicare for All, a single-payer health care system.
“I am the Democratic Party right now,” Biden said. “The platform of the Democratic Party is what I, in fact, approved of.”
“I’m the party,” he added.
When asked what his plan is to replace the Affordable Care Act, Trump insisted he had a plan but offered no details and instead claimed he would help protect Americans with preexisting conditions.
Throughout his tenure, the president’s administration has tried to overturn the ACA, which already guarantees protections for preexisting conditions. That aspect of the law cannot be overturned unless other legislation is passed.
‘I’m not elected for three years, I’m elected for four years’
As the first item in the debate, Wallace asked each candidate to explain his stance on when the seat vacated after the death of Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg should be filled, and by whom. It was the first of several intense arguments between the candidates.
Biden said the winner of the election should have the right to make the nomination — and noted the court may strike down the Affordable Care Act if Barrett is successfully confirmed.
Biden was also reluctant to say whether he supports a proposal by some Democrats to end the filibuster and “pack” the Supreme Court — adding justices — if Trump successfully appoints Barrett to the Supreme Court before the inauguration, and if Democrats take control of the White House and the Senate.
In a heated moment of crosstalk between the president and former vice president, Trump badgered Biden about answering that question, while Biden redirected by saying it was not the main issue at hand.
“The issue is, the American people should speak. You should go out and vote,” Biden said, speaking directly to the camera, while Trump tried to interrupted him.
“Are you going to pack the court?” Trump interjected.
Trump nominated Barrett over the weekend, and Republicans have vowed for a swift confirmation process. As the minority in the Senate, Democrats have little chance of blocking Trump’s nominee from going through.
Trump does not condemn white supremacists when asked
Trump didn’t explicitly condemn white supremacist groups when given the opportunity Tuesday night, and instead pointed his finger at extremism among left-leaning groups.
Wallace asked Trump, “Are you willing, tonight, to condemn white supremacists and militia groups and say that they need to stand down and not add to the violence in a number of these cities, as we saw in Kenosha, and as we’ve seen in Portland?”
But Trump said next that the majority of violence he sees comes from leftist groups. Trump has consistently blamed the far-left anti-fascist movement known as antifa for violence at protests over the summer. FBI Director Christopher Wray said the movement is one of several ideologies driving clashes; another is white supremacists.
The president said he is willing to “do anything,” and wants “to see peace.”
Trump asked Wallace who specifically he should condemn, and Wallace offered up white supremacists and right-wing militias as examples, while Biden chimed in with the Proud Boys. The Proud Boys are a far-right group known for their belief that men – especially white men – are under siege. They have been labeled a hate group by the Southern Poverty Law Center.
“Proud boys: stand back and stand by,” Trump responded. “But I’ll tell you what, I’ll tell you what, somebody’s got to do something about antifa and the left because this is not a right-wing problem.”
‘Did you just use the word smart?’ and other personal attacks
In a debate that lacked much civility, the candidates stooped to questioning each other’s intelligence.
Biden, while hitting Trump for the more than 200,000 deaths that have resulted from the coronavirus pandemic, said, “A lot more are going to die unless he gets a lot smarter, a lot quicker.”
Trump seemed ready to hit back: “Did you just use the word ‘smart?’ Don’t ever use the word smart with me.”
Trump went on with an attack on Biden’s intelligence and academic record. As with several other moments in the debate, Biden chuckled in response.
“There’s nothing smart about you, Joe,” Trump said.
At another point, Biden also called Trump a “fool” for his handling of the coronavirus, knocking him for holding rallies with large crowds and not doing more to encourage mask-wearing among the general public.
“He has been totally irresponsible in the way he has handled the social distancing, the people wearing masks — basically encouraging them not to,” Biden said. “He’s a fool on this.”
Amid the arguing between Trump and Biden, and Wallace attempting to control the situation, Biden said, “It’s hard to get any word in with this clown, excuse me, this president.”
Another point of contention between the candidates on smarts: reports that Trump paid only $750 in taxes for two recent years, which he denied on stage.
Trump acknowledged using tax laws to his benefit: “Like every private person, unless they’re stupid, they go through the laws and that’s what it is.”
Biden’s response? To attack Trump for paying less in taxes than lower-wage workers like teachers.
“He says he’s smart because he takes advantage of the tax code.”
Family members weren’t off limits
After a night of Trump trying to rattle the former vice president, the president hit Biden on his son, Hunter.
Trump claimed the mayor of Moscow gave Hunter Biden $3.5 million. PolitiFact examined the claims around that $3.5 million, and reported ” … proof that Hunter Biden received money through this transaction is unproven.”
Earlier this week, a report was published from two Republican-led Senate committees on whether Hunter Biden’s work in Ukraine constituted a conflict of interest for the Obama administration at a time when Joe Biden was engaged in Ukraine policy as vice president, which the report said was “unclear.” The report also noted that Elena Baturina, the widow of a man who had been mayor of Moscow until 2010, had a financial relationship with Biden and his business partner Devon Archer, according to PolitiFact.
The report said that on “Feb. 14, 2014, Baturina wired $3.5 million to a Rosemont Seneca Thornton bank account for a ‘Consultancy Agreement. Rosemont Seneca Thornton is an investment firm co-founded by Hunter Biden.” Hunter Biden’s lawyer said that he did not co-found the firm.
“What did he do to deserve it?” Trump asked, referring to the $3.5 million.
Joe Biden called Trump’s accusation “totally discredited.”
“My son did nothing wrong,” Biden replied.
Biden added that he if Trump wanted to talk about families and ethics, they could talk about Trump’s family “all night.” The president interjected that his family “lost a fortune by coming down and helping” with his administration.
Biden tried to pivot away from the personal, saying the campaign is not about either candidate’s family, but is about the voters’ families.
The former vice president’s family was brought up once again later in the debate. Biden highlighted his late son, Beau, and his work as a veteran. Trump tried to once again bring up Biden’s other son, Hunter.